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The Complete Definition Of The Music

Music Portal 

Music is a form of art that involves organized and
audible sounds and silence. It is normally expressed in
terms of pitch (which includes melody and harmony),
rhythm (which includes tempo and meter), and the
quality of sound (which includes timbre, articulation,
dynamics, and texture). Music may also involve complex
generative forms in time through the construction of
patterns and combinations of natural stimuli,
principally sound. Music may be aatif aslams songs used for artistic or
aesthetic, communicative, entertainment, or ceremonial
purposes. The definition of what constitutes music
varies according to culture and social context.

If painting can be viewed as a visual art form, music
can be viewed as an auditory art form.

Allegory of Music, by Filippino Lippi

Allegory of Music, by Lorenzo Lippi


1 Definition

2 History

3 Aspects

4 Production 4.1 Performance

4.2 Solo and ensemble

4.3 Oral tradition and notation

4.4 Improvisation, interpretation, composition

4.5 Composition


[edit] Definition as seen by

Main article: Definition of music

See also: Music genre

The broadest definition of music is organized sound.
There are observable patterns to what is broadly
labeled music, and while there are understandable
cultural variations, the properties of music are the
properties of sound as perceived and processed by
humans and animals (birds and insects also make music).

Music is formulated or organized sound. Although it
cannot contain emotions, it is sometimes designed to
manipulate and transform the emotion of the
listener/listeners. Music created for movies is a good
example of its use to manipulate emotions.

Greek philosophers and medieval theorists defined music
as tones ordered horizontally as melodies, and
vertically as harmonies. Music theory, within this
realm, is studied with the pre-supposition that music
is orderly and often pleasant to hear. However, in the
20th century, composers challenged the notion that
music had to be pleasant by creating music that
explored harsher, darker timbres. The existence of some
modern-day genres such as grindcore and noise music,
which enjoy an extensive underground following,
indicate that even the crudest noises can be considered
music if the listener is so inclined.

20th century composer John Cage disagreed with the
notion that music must consist of pleasant, discernible
melodies, and he challenged the notion that it can
communicate anything. Instead, he argued that any
sounds we can hear can be music, saying, for example,
"There is no noise, only sound,"[3]. According to
musicologist Jean-Jacques Nattiez (1990 p.47-8,55):
"The border between music and noise is always
culturally defined--which implies that, even within a
single society, this border does not always pass
through the same place; in short, there is rarely a
consensus.... By all accounts there is no single and
intercultural universal concept defining what music
might be."

Johann Wolfgang Goethe believed that patterns and forms
were the basis of music; he stated that "architecture
is frozen music."

[edit] History as seen by []

Main article: History of music

See also: Music and politics

Figurines playing stringed instruments, excavated at
Susa, 3rd millennium BC. Iran National Museum.

The history of music predates the written word and is
tied to the development of each unique human culture.
Although the earliest records of musical expression are
to be found in the Sama Veda of India and in 4,000 year
old cuneiform from Ur, most of our written records and
studies deal with the history of music in Western
civilization. This includes musical periods such as
medieval, renaissance, baroque, classical, romantic,
and 20th century era music. The history of music in
other cultures has also been documented to some degree,
and the knowledge of "world music" (or the field of
"ethnomusicology") has become more and more sought
after in academic circles. This includes the documented
classical traditions of Asian countries outside the
influence of western Europe, as well as the folk or
indigenous music of various other cultures. (The term
world music has been applied to a wide range of music
made outside of Europe and European influence, although
its initial application, in the context of the World
Music Program at Wesleyan University, was as a term
including all possible music genres, including European
traditions. In academic circles, the original term for
the study of world music, "comparative musicology", was
replaced in the middle of the twentieth century by
"ethnomusicology", which is still considered an
unsatisfactory coinage by some.)

Popular styles of music varied widely from culture to
culture, and from period to period. Different cultures
emphasised different instruments, or techniques, or
uses for music. Music has been used not only for
entertainment, for ceremonies, and for practical &
artistic communication, but also extensively for

As world cultures have come into greater contact, their
indigenous musical styles have often merged into new
styles. For example, the United States bluegrass style
contains elements from Anglo-Irish, Scottish, Irish,
German and some African-American instrumental and vocal
traditions, which were able to fuse in the US' multi-
ethnic "melting pot" society.

There is a host of music classifications, many of which
are caught up in the argument over the definition of
music. Among the largest of these is the division
between classical music (or "art" music), and popular
music (or commercial music - including rock and roll,
country music, and pop music). Some genres don't fit
neatly into one of these "big two" classifications,
(such as folk music, world music, or jazz music).

Genres of music are determined as much by tradition and
presentation as by the actual music. While most
classical music is acoustic and meant to be performed
by individuals or groups, many works described as
"classical" include samples or tape, or are mechanical.
Some works, like Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue, are
claimed by both jazz and classical music. Many current
music festivals celebrate a particular musical genre.



Rated: Kids
Categories: Characters: None
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Chapters: 1 Completed: No
Word count: 868 Read: 17
Published: 02/21/17 Updated: 02/21/17

1. Chapter 1 by jhon321 [Reviews - 0] (868 words)